Vicodin from Abbot Laboratories comes in the form of Hydrocodone bitrartrate and acetaminophen tablets. The drug is designed to help relief moderate to severe pain.
Hydrocodone bitrartrate is an opioid analgesic, whereas Hydrocodone is a semi synthetic analgesic and antitussive with multiple actions on the nervous system and smooth muscles. The specific mechanisms of action for the drug’s active ingredients (Hydrocodone and Acetaminophen) are yet undetermined.
Side effects of narcotics (or opioids) include drowsiness, changes in mood and mental clouding. Toxic doses of Acetaminophen may cause circulatory failure and rapid, shallow breathing.
Abbot Laboratories is a global company specialized in manufacturing and marketing pharmaceutical and nutritional products as well as medical diagnostic instruments and tests, surgical devices, nutritional supplements for infants and products for veterinary care.
Vicodin includes the following ingredients: Hydrocodone bitrartrate and acetaminophen (active ingredients), colloidal silicon dioxide, starch, croscarmellose sodium, dibasic calcium phosphate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, povideone and stearic acid.
Vicodin is a prescription drug which contains a combination of the active ingredients Acetaminophen and Hydrocodone.
Hydrocodone is part of a group of drugs called opioid pain relievers, also known as narcotics. Acetaminophen is a less potent pain reliever that increases the effects of Hydrocodone. Both active ingredients can cause serious harmful side effects. Some of the most common reported side effects are: hepatotoxixity, hypersensitivity, respiratory depression and increased intracranial pressure.
Overdose of Hydrocodone is characterized by respiratory depression, extreme somnolence progressing to stupor or coma, bradycardia and hypotension. Severe overdose may lead to death. Aceraminophen overdose can cause fatal hepatic necrosis, renal tubular necrosis, and hypoglycemic coma and coagulation defects. Vicodin is not recommended for people who have previously exhibited hypersensitivity to hydrocodone, acetaminophen or other opioids.
The manufacturer issues special warnings regarding the abuse of Vicodin, due to the fact that opioids usually cause addiction disorders.
The usual adult dosage is 1-2 tablets every 4 to 6 hours. The total daily dosage should not exceed 8 tablets. Dosage should be adjusted according to the severity of the pain and the response of the patient.
- Powerful, widely used pain killer
- Global, experienced manufacturer
- The active ingredients have many dangerous side effects
- The product can cause addiction
- Overdose may be lethal
- Controversial drug (an issue in question is the withdrawal of the FDA approval due to the risk of liver injury caused by Acetaminophen)
- Mixed reviews from consumers
Vicodin is a powerful drug used for the relief of moderate to severe pain. It has two main active ingredients, both clinically researched. However, the exact mechanism of action is not known for either of those two ingredients.
Being a narcotic (due to the Hydrocodone in its composition) it can cause addiction and has a high potential of being misused. Like all narcotics, Vicodin may impair the physical or mental abilities and is not recommended for people when operating machinery or driving.
It is recommended to be used with caution in elderly or debilitating patients, those with severe impairment of hepatic or renal function, hypothyroidism, Addison’s disease, prostatic hypertrophy, urethral stricture, patients with pulmonary disease, when allergic to any of its ingredients or if signs of allergy occur.